JUBA - SOUTH SUDAN PROCUREMENT PRACTICES
Sustainable Development itself has many definitions but at the heart of most is the integration of environmental, social and economic issues, with recognition of the need for lasting and long-term change. There are clearly many overlaps in the interactions between social and environmental. These overlaps and interactions are perhaps the least explored aspect of sustainable development — a work by the Community Development Foundation defined this as the interface’. There is much talk about ‘environmental sustainability’, coming mostly from organizations keen to put environmental work in that wider context. There is much less discussion of what social sustainability means. In the social development context sustainability usually refers to projects and programs that can be self-sustaining (i.e. do not require long-term external funding) and this can lead to confusion in discussions across the environmental and social sectors. A range of perspectives from those who have sought to describe and engage with ‘social sustainability. We have looked to link these to work on sustainable procurement wherever possible. The Sustainable Procurement Task Force has now developed a definition for sustainable procurement which was not available when this research was done but is relevant in this context. There is already a substantial amount of work that impinges on these issues. The publication of ‘Securing the Future’, the revised National Strategy on Sustainable Development (March 2005) with its focus on Sustainable Consumption and Production is contributing towards increased efforts on sustainable procurement as well as supporting momentum towards recognizing and incorporating wider social impacts into public sector procurement decisions. Public consultation for the revised national Strategy highlighted a need for Government to demonstrate more leadership in putting its own house in order — a challenge accepted, leading amongst other things to the formation of the Sustainable Procurement Task Force. According to Goodland and Wiley (2002 in seeking to compare Social, Economic and Environmental Sustainability sees Social Sustainability in this way “Social sustainability means maintaining social capital. Social capital is investments and services that create the basic framework for society. It lowers the cost of working together and facilitates cooperation: trust lowers transaction costs. Only systematic community participation and strong civil society, including government can achieve this. Cohesion of community for mutual benefit, connectedness between groups of people, reciprocity, tolerance, compassion, patience, forbearance, fellowship, love, commonly accepted standards of honesty, discipline and ethics. Established mechanisms for catalyzing sustainable procurement include the Framework for Sustainable Development on the Government Estate (2002), an unfolding series of guidance notes including some reporting actions, and a growing body of guidance from the Office of Government Commerce provides a firm foundation for increasing understanding about the impacts of procurement on society. As more evidence becomes available about the positive opportunities this offers towards meeting the Government’s goal of ensuring a strong, health and just society, the seemingly blurred boundaries surrounding social sustainability should become clearer. Extending the Framework for Sustainable Development on the Government Estate to cover some social implications is in line with efforts to ensure socially responsible behavior in the management of government estates, employment of staff and external relations with communities. The Social Impacts contribution was published in October 2004. The recently-published guidance from the OGC on Social Issues in Purchasing (February 2006) makes a valuable contribution to flagging up issues and government policies where public procurement is seen as a lever towards sustainability. Issues on the OGC list include:
• Skills and apprenticeships
• Equality -gender, race and disability
• Fair and ethical trade
• Human rights and core labor standards
• Small and medium size enterprises (including black and minority ethnic enterprise, women-owned and disabled owned businesses, social enterprise, and voluntary and community sector/third sector organizations)
• Local labor
• Sustainable procurement. The ‘Social Issues in Purchasing’ guidance focuses “on the different stages of the procurement process, and the way social issues can legitimately be incorporated into the purchasing cycle”. It is “intended as a general guide for procurement and policy practitioners to show the positive actions that they can take to incorporate relevant social actions” This two-pronged approach is important for knowledge transfer and cascading practice through the relevant chains. The rationale for producing this publication stems partly from ‘wider work undertaken on sustainability’ including that on equalities. Initiatives such as the Public Sector Food Procurement Initiative have also helped highlight contributions towards social sustainability in practice. For example, work has helped demonstrate that tendering contracts can allow small-size local producers to compete with big business in opportunities to provide fresh, seasonal, locally-sourced quality food.
I have succeeded in training a host of military personnel especially in the Nigerian Navy in French Language. This helps them to be able to participate actively in world peacekeeping programmes. I had also mediated profitably between people and groups in French language. This had brought about better understanding among people with two different language backrounds. Etc.
MY STORIES AND EXPERIENCES REGARDING THE ROLE WE PLAY AS VOLUNTEERS TOWARDS ACHIEVING SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
I strongly believe that as a volunteer, one should have the following qualities;
- He or She should have a spirit of sacrifice
- Should be courageous
- Should be have a love for human beings
- Should have a sense of humility
- Should be hardworking
- Should not be limited by cultures
- Should avoid racial discrimination
- Should strive for the reconciliation of the people
- Should treat other people objectively
- Should not be limited by religion
- Should be a peace-maker
- Should actively strive for sustainable development
- Should promote unity and oneness of the people in the world
- Should not be driven by his or her personal interests only
- Should have the strength to easily adapt to different climatic conditions.
HELPING PEOPLE IN CRISIS
1) As Rwanda went through destructive times of the 1994 Tutsi genocide, this caused a mass flow of Rwandan refugees towards neighbouring countries such as Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and DR Congo. After the genocide as peace and security were restored in the country, refugees began to return back to their country. During these emergency times of refugees returning, I offered support and service to the people through various ways as follows;
• Providing them with food and water.
• Helping and giving urgent care to the sick and exhausted people.
• Supporting vulnerable groups such as young children, weak old age people, pregnant women and women who gave birth along the way.
• Resettling the refugee families with the help of the International Red Cross.
2) Due to the fact that Rwanda is an extensively hilly country, this puts the population settling near the mountains at a risk of being affected by disasters that arise following seasonal heavy rains. Several of various disasters such as floods, mudslides and thunderstorms hit different regions of Rwanda and as a result, a number of people were killed, properties were destroyed and very many people got displaced. In these distressing times, I volunteered in different activities that were aimed at resettling the displaced people.
In conclusion, I am grateful to say that all these activities made a better difference in the people’s lives.
By RINGSON CYUBAHIRO
From Kigali - Rwanda
I am an advocate for structural decentralization, institutional democratization and fighting corruption. I had noticed in Bangladesh, there is no study center for decentralization, which encouraged me to initiate "Centre for Decentralization and Governance Society (CDG)" in 2011, but it has just been registered or approved by the government under society act (see initial website:www.cdgbd.com). Currently I am the elected and voluntary chairperson of the center.
Center for Decentralization and Governance Society (CDG), founded on 12th day of February 2011, promotes effective, efficient and sustainable democratic governance and decentralization with the exponential increase of transparency and accountability and with a full respect to the rule of law and human rights. Further to building the public trust on democratic governance, the Center intends to cast new light on local governance with a strong democratic decentralization.
The Center is the meeting point of theoretical and empirical analysis of contemporary political and policy affairs. It concentrates on peer study and policy as well as action research in the concerned domains so as to find innovative ideas and/or solution points and to know how to master the existing systems for achieving better results.
One of the unique strengths of the Center is that it focuses not only on the study but also on the advocacy and capacity building for the real actors of democracy and decentralization. It also acts as a publicly visible forum with the civic engagement. And collaboration across the public, scholars, media, politicians, development partners and other legitimate players of democracy as well as decentralization is central to the approach of the Center. Most importantly, gender mainstreaming in governance, fighting corruption and combating poverty are crosscutting themes of the Center.
The Center is a nonprofit organization. The contributions to the center are as diverse technical, material and/or financial. Your participation in the activities of the center or just moral support to it is a contribution as well.
Beyond the voluntary activities for the center, I do advocacy for decentralized and democratic governance and for combating corruption though scholarly write-ups. Here you see the review of one of my books: http://www.thedailystar.net/newDesign/news-details.php?nid=155784
Mohammad Rafiqul Islam Talukdar
Chairperson, Centre for Decentralization and Governance Society (CDG), Dhaka
Fellow, Center for Development Management, Asian Institute of Management, Manila
The lives of all Tanzanias are intimely connected to the environment, our survival and that of our future generations depends on the harmonious relationship with the natural elements, Tanzanians have no choice but strive to manage the environment and its natural resources in ways that enhance the potential for the growth and opportunity for sustainable development of the present and the future generations, Tanzanians do not have the luxury of ignoring the fundamental stress at the interface of development and enviroment. Environment problems are the real and are not someone else's problem. A healthy economy environment go hand-in hand. Both are need for our survival and prosperity.
My name is Ram Prasad Ghimire. I am a retired officer of the Government of Nepal. I have been deployed 13 out of 75 districts and visited almost all over Nepal during my service period of more than thirty-two years.
As you all know, Nepal is a developing country. Basic needs like health, education, clothing, drinking water etc are even far specifically for poor, disadvantaged and people of remote areas. Nepal also faced an insurgency in 1996 and it lasted up to 10 years causing heavy loss of lives and properties. The Government became weaker because of insurgency and political instability. Various incidents of terror, threat, extortion, kidnapping and murder are being occurred even these days. Government has effectively mobilized state security forces to counter these anomalies, but still impunity is a big challenge for government as well as other stakeholders.
In this context I would like to share some of my experiences regarding how natural resources are being used over excess in different parts and how it has made adverse impact in community. I would also like to express future plan to mitigate such bad effects by making the people responsible for sustainable development.
I got an opportunity to meet the people of different walks of life while I was in government service. Different ideas, views and experiences had been exchanged among the people. I had the privileged to help and assist them as government authority.
I worked as Chief District Officer (CDO) at Pyuthan district mid western part of Nepal in 2002 and at Ilam district eastern part of Nepal in 2007. There I saw some devastating seen of massive deforestation. So called leaders of community were directly involved in cutting trees in mass scale and selling to smugglers to fulfill their personal interest who were supposed to export illegally to neighboring country. Nepal’s forest was considered as national pride and national wealth. But it is being devastating day by day by these forest mafias. The forest area has been converted into bare land. People from and adjacent area is suffering from climate change these days.
The concept of community forest has been started in Nepal since 1990. It was a very good beginning. Community people themselves form a committee, conduct meeting, discuss with the group and generate ideas. Prepare plan of action and act accordingly. Thus, with their continue effort they get significant achievement in developing forestry in their territory. But when wood is started to cut for export purpose with a view to generate income to consumers, forest smugglers by giving impression to government authority and stakeholder, ignore the real consumers and get undue advantage from those community forests. The community is involved in all the activities of the development of community forestry, but at the time of earning they are being discarded and get no benefit at all.
Similarly I was Chief District Officer (CDO) at Siraha and Saptari district, eastern Terai region of Nepal in 2006 and 2010 respectively. Excessive extract of boulder from churiya range and excess sand extraction near the bridge and other structure from riverside were done regularly by contractor. This was really a big challenge for sustainable development. Nepal’s Terai (flat land) is regarded as the stock of grains. People of Terai are very much laborious. They grow rice, wheat, maize etc in their fertile land. Fisheries and mango farming are also done in large scale. Churiya range, the upper part of Terai has saved this beautiful land.
If the excessive quantity of boulder is extracted from Churiya range, we cannot preserve Terai. Climate change will occur. No rain or over rain will happen. People will have to face flooding and drought. A devastating picture can be predicted in our greenary Terai. If this occurs, not only Nepal, but also South Asia and the World as well have to bear adverse effect in environment.
In the above context, to save the World from environmental degradation, we must create awareness to the people from grass root level. We must fulfill the basic needs like food, shelter, clothing, drinking water, security etc of the people. The Government should be aware about health and education. If the people have enough of basic needs, if they feel sense of security and if their children have got basic health and education facility, then we can mobilize the people in the area of sustainable development. The state which is governed by rule of law can only give equal rights and justice to its people. Security and law enforcement agencies must be mobilized effectively to safeguard the constitutional rights and freedom of the people. We can suggest and encourage our government to fulfill these basic needs by mobilizing resources even in targeted group and remote areas of the country.
After that we can teach people the importance of sustainable environment for our Universe. We can create public opinion against those, who are involved in deforestation, in over extracting boulder and sand from core area. We can use these resources only on limit basis, so that our future generation would not be harmed from environmental degradation.
As a volunteer, I have a plan to mobilized community for tree plantation on bare land, use natural resources only after environmental assessment, create awareness for sustainable development and make our World beautiful with peace and prosperity.
Lutte pour l'égalité du genre!!
Working as a volunteer has helped me live a happy and fulfilling life. l work as district aids advisor in zambia, kalulushi but l also do volunteer work on part time. Theres one organization in zambia, kalulushi which is taking care of 276, two hundred and seventy six orphans, the organization provides education for these children and also buy school requisites and uniforms. It has been very difficult for them since they only have one hammer meal which they use to sustain their project. As a part time volunteer, l asked some stakeholders to contribute some things that can sustain this project. l am happy to report that some organizations came on board and helped this organization. l still contact other stakeholders to get on board. l offered my services as a counselor, teacher, and trainer and it was nice to counsel children who are hiv/positive who later accepted their status.volunteer work makes my day.
I visited community and encouraged them on blood donation to hospital, proper disposal of garbage, drug abuses, preserve tradition and culture, maintain clean and beautiful surroundings. Apart from this, also impart knowledge on importance of education in day to day life, where every old ages need to study through Non-Formal education and youngsters admitting in the school.
O trabalho voluntário é uma experiência renovadora, no sentido de quem participa e das pessoas que são beneficiadas. Participar, contribuir para transformar a vida das pessoas em algo melhor é uma ação que todos devemos fazer sempre. O mundo é redondo! Se todos se ajudam, a vida no planeta fica melhor!
Ariane Parente Paiva