I leave in VN, but last month I went to Angkor and I saw that many children don't have clean water for regular using, so if I become a volunteer, I will make a progress for a good developing water for Angkor in specific, and for South East Asia in general. Thank for your reading!
I think that in the region where I live, people need to monitor the flow of fresh water and its rational use. In problem areas where a shortage of water, it can be easy to accumulate, by precipitation.
I am a inventor of Solar Desalination Plant. I successed in getting a cheaper, cleanest water in a large quantity from a relable method. I improved the conventional solar Desalination plant which produces 3-4 liters water per day. My invented plant can produce 40 liter of water from same area. I worked on this project since 40 years and got patent
It is Feasible to construct with lowest running and maintaining cost.
Before Solar Desalination Plant, I also involved in other environmental betterment projects. I started work on Sewage treatment Plant where I got serious of invention, for these efforts an NGO Karachi Industrial Research Group formed. In 1974 My this project was selected by Planning Commission Of Pakistan in the whole country for Research and Development, project ran with collaboration of Karachi University and Karachi Metropolitan Cooperation.
We published Annual report and papers in different National and International conferences. We also presented the working in an international conference CENTO PANEL, Held in 1975
The World Bank team preparing Karachi Master Plan visited our laboratories; they offered to develop a sewage plant in Karachi, by incorporating our developed plant. They also arranged funds from foreign donors but the Sindh Government did not allow.
The US EPA team also visited our laboratory and offered us two projects,
1. Reclamation of water and useful utilization of sewage waste.
2. Treatment and Utilization of industrial Wastes
They selected me as Principal Investigator of these projects. These were granted on my initiated work and in domination of my work and achievements. But due to work conducted under university shelter, and the approval, process from university up to different government departments, the university staff and syndicate eliminated my name from these projects. Later on the University scientists execute this project. They confined the work in the laboratory and totally flopped.
In mean time the country entered into severe political and financial crises. The Planning Commission terminated financial support due to cut in their own budget.
In spite of discouragements, I continue my efforts. In 1989-92, the Mayor of Karachi Dr. Farooq Sattar was very anxious to improve the environmental problems of the city. After satisfied with the working, achievement and our plans they took quick steps and provided me preliminary funds and handover Sewage Treatment Plant at my disposal. But again political instability ceased all the development work of city including our project.
Throughout my life I worked for water related project. I am sure my desalination Plant could be the ultimate source of clean water. this is the practical and everlasting solution of water scarcity.
This summer, "Ekotim" organize most complex action of cleaning "Pijavicko lake" (Leach lake), where ten volunteer's in five days, with help of mechanization, clean up 175 tons of waste from banks and lake. Action is complex because in the waste and lake was unexploded ordinance and mines from last war.
I am studying engineering and water management.
I hope I can give my contribution to build a better world with better principles and priorities. Money is not the most important. Mankind walks confusing, but all together we can find a sustainable change. I like to provide training in environmental education and hope soon start a project in this matter.
At the university I want to make a thesis that will be useful to society.
I am an engineer, and worked for a water delivery establishment for 23.5 years, I have good experience in water delivery systems of all kinds, and I am, retired now, and would like to help any where on the planet where people need water and can use my expertise
I work in Dadaab refugee camp with CARE under WASH. Tasks include provision of safe water to the refugees. The population has been overwhelming and Dadaab being the biggest camp in the world,requires a lot of sacrifice. We have always aimed at maintaining a water supply of 17 to 21 liters per capita per day. Other components include the water quality and hygiene protection. We have made a change in a period of over 20 years for the refugees, it is in the refugees faces.
I volunteer as an admin manager for VIDA a water purification company in Timor Leste, Vida is a struggling organization that is ran by one man, I was fortunate to run into him at a gathering, I told him I was looking for a job, we talked and I got to know about the company, I decided to put in my time while hoping for another opportunity. I volunteer as a admin manager, because I saw the need for clean water in Timor Leste, its been really inspiring being able to give my time for the provision of clean water to the communities in some of the smaller district in the country.
I also was able to train young women in hair dressing skills in Nigeria seeing the usefulness of knowing a trade that can help better ones life without waiting for the government, I started a hair dressing salon that actually helped me pay my tuition fees while studying, I decided to share that knowledge with some young ladies around my neighborhood am happy to say giving my time to train them is one of my greatest achievement because it did help some of them that would have probably ended on the street, but were able to learn the skill and are using it presently as a source of income and its changed their lives and still changing lives, most of them are still passing on the knowledge to others.
I have volunteered by contributing towards the construction of water spring in my remote kanungu district, Uganda, E. Africa.
This water source serves 20 families and hope this helps them have a better life with less water borne diseases hence improving their livelihood.
THE IMPACTS OF ANTHROPOGENIC ACTIVITIES ON ATLANTIC AND INDIAN OCEANS IN AFRICA
AUTHOR: BABAGANA ABUBAKAR
E-Mail: babaganabubakar2002 @yahoo.com
TEL: +234 8062220179
PERMANENT ADDRESS: ALHAJI BUKAR KUYA HOUSE, OPPOSSITE ABUROS MOSQUE, FEZZAN WARD, FEZZAN, MAIDUGURI, NIGERIA.
Africa is the second largest and most populated continent after Asia. Geographically it is located between the Atlantic and Indian Oceans.
Most of the Africa’s most populated and industrialized cities are located along the coast of the continent facing the Atlantic and Indian Oceans, example of such cities include Casablanca, Dakar, Accra, Lagos, Luanda and Cape town all facing the Atlantic Ocean and cities like East London, Durban, Maputo, Dar-es-salaam and Mogadishu are all facing the Indian Ocean.
As a result of the geographical locations of African Coastal Cities plus increase in their population, industries, sea port operations, petroleum exploration activities, trafficking of toxic wastes and improper waste management culture lead to the incessant increase in the pollution of the two oceans.
NATURE OF POLLUTION OF THE ATLANTIC OCEAN
i. The petroleum exploration activities going on along the coast of “Gulf of Guinea” region in countries such as Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe, Gabon, Nigeria, Angola and others continuously causes oil spillages in the process of drilling, bunkering and discharging of petroleum products in the Atlantic Ocean.
Figures 1 A: World Map indicating the location of Gulf of Guinea.
Figures 1 B: The map of Gulf of Guinea in Africa.
The exploration activity in this region is in the form of vicious circle as illustrated below:
The vicious circle of the exploration activity
The problem of pollution in this region will ever remain on the increase because of the economic implication of oil exploration in the sub-region and in the whole World in general.
ii. The incessant degreasing of the Sea Ports “Quay Aprons” along the Coastal cities of Lagos, Duala, Libreville, Luanda, Cape Town etc are continuously polluting the Atlantic Ocean with chemicals which is affecting negatively the Ocean marine biodiversity of the Atlantic Ocean in general.
Figure 2 A: Showing a polluting African sea port.
Figure 2 A: Showing a polluted Ocean Shores.
iii. Local wastes generated from the houses located in the coastal cities are always finding their ways directly or indirectly into the Atlantic Ocean. In fact this explains why plastic containers are always deposited by the Ocean along the African beautiful coastal beaches.
iv) Gas flaring activities in the gulf of guinea region is another source of pollution and even source of canalizing the ongoing climate change across the globe in the region. Because a report released by the renown non-governmental organization on environmental pollution the Netherlands based Climate Justice Programme under the aegis of “friends of the Earth” indicated that the coastal region of Nigeria along accounts for 16 percent of the world’s total flare.
NATURE OF POLLUTION OF THE INDIAN OCEAN
i) Unlike the Atlantic Ocean where petroleum is the major pollutant, the Indian Ocean is polluted by Toxic and or Radioactive waste suspected to have been coming from the developed nations by taking the advantage of the unstable Somaliland political situation as reported by the United Nations Environmental Programme after the Tsunami disaster in December 2004 especially along the coast of Somalia (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2004_Indian_Ocean_earthquake_and_tsunami ).
Figure 3: Showing the Eastern part of Africa and Somalia facing the Indian Ocean:
Figure 4: Showing a contaminated container exposed by tsunami on the coast of Somalia.
Figure 5: Showing experts evacuating/cleaning the contaminated coast.
iii. Local wastes generated from the houses located in the coastal cities of Dar-ES-Salaam, Maputo, Djibouti, Mogadishu, East London and Durban among others are also polluting the Indian Ocean by always finding their ways into the Indian Ocean.
PROBLEMS GENERATED AS A RESULT OF THE OCEANS POLLUTION
i. Report released by the Netherlands based Climate Justice Programme under the aegis of “friends of the Earth” indicated that the coastal region of Nigeria along accounts for 16 percent of the world’s total flare in view of the above coupled with the increasing oil spillages in the African Gulf of Guinea region resulted in the rapid decline in fish, plankton, shrimps and other sea lives along the Coast of Africa facing the Atlantic Ocean.
ii. In the more recent time the revering dwellers living around the Coast of Gulf of Guinea region and Somalia’s Coast have been complaining of increasing cases of child respiratory illness, land degradation, well pollution, infertility and premature death.
iii. Geological strata of the Atlantic Ocean are adversely destroyed by the seismographic activities going on around the Gulf of Guinea region and Angola in particular.
iv. The general means of livelihood of the revering dwellers are often threaten by the pollution.
POSITION OF THE GOVERNMENTS OF AFRICA
Apart from the governments of the federal republic of Nigeria, South Africa, Ghana, Senegal and Tanzania that have either established institutes of Oceanography and or Environmental Protection Agencies, the majority of the African governments have shown no signs of checking the menace.
POSITION OF THE NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATION
The Netherlands based Climate Justice and the Nigeria Environmental Rights Action are the only non-governmental organizations out of very many that have shown signs of fighting this incessant increase in ocean pollution in Africa.
In view of the above situation I came up with the under-listed suggestions/recommendations:
i. International organizations who’s work that are related to Ocean, climate change and Pollution should send their teams of researchers to come and investigate the trend of this menace and proffer a possible lasting solution.
ii. The United Nations should use its capacity to educate and convinced the African Union to pass a resolution making it compulsory on all the African Coastal Countries to set up ocean regulatory bodies in their respective countries.
iii. The International Maritime Organization (IMO) should assist with her technical know how on how to educate the managements of the various Sea Ports in Africa on how to be degreasing their Quay Aprons without necessarily causing Ocean Pollution.
iv. The organization of the petroleum exporting countries (OPEC) should use its capacity to find a way in controlling the incessant oil spillages going on in the African Gulf of Guinea region since many of the Gulf of Guinea Countries are its members.
v. The World Health Organization (WHO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and International Maritime Organisation should also jointly send their team of researchers to come and investigate the trend of this pollution especially along the Coast of Somalia and or Gulf of Guinea and proffer a possible lasting solution to the menace before it becomes too late.
The Author cited how the Atlantic and the Indian Oceans are polluted in Africa in relation to petroleum, industrial and Sea Port activities in addition to the Toxic waste Trafficking, however some governments and non-governmental organizations are trying in fighting the menace, but the increasing nature of the pollution of the two Oceans in Africa is calling for more research, assistance and commitments.
It was in view of this situation that the author came up with the above listed suggestions/Recommendations, which he believes that if implemented and adopted it will help reduce or stop the pollution otherwise this pollution will ever remain on the increase.